TUTORIAL: Breast Cancer – Breast Self-Examination


For health workers, nurses and physicians

Edited by Sankaranarayanan R and Lucas E. 


This resource provides detailed instructions, illustrated by images and videos, for breast self-examination. 

Breast self-examination (BSE) is a routine examination that should be carried out at the same time each month to physically check for any lumps or other changes. WHO says that National Cancer Control programmes should not recommend mass screening by breast self-examination and physical examinations of the breast. Rather, programmes should encourage breast awareness and early diagnosis of breast cancer, especially for women aged 40-69 years attending primary health care centres or hospitals for other reasons, by offering them clinical breast examinations.

Online version